Captive animals spend their entire lives on display, yet remain somehow invisible. Zoo visitors are devout animal lovers, but the average stop at an enclosure is just a few minutes long – enough time to see the animal complete one circuit of her well-worn path, but not start it again and again. Zoos claim to be champions of education and conservation, but in reality, there are few zoos investing significant resources in either of these areas. These are for-profit establishments that keep animals in inadequate enclosures, inappropriate climates, unsuitable social groups (or in isolation), and deprive them of the shelter and privacy that most animals naturally seek.

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